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|Maharashtra state Board||Std 10||Chapter 2.4 The Pulley|
Chapter 2.4 The Pulley Central idea | summary | theme
‘The pulley’ poem is written by George Herbert, who was a Welsh poet. He was a priest by profession. He wrote religious poems with a lot of imagery.
“The Pulley” shows how God lifts man towards Himself with the pulley of restlessness.
Chapter 2.4 The Pulley Appreciation
The title of the poem is ‘The Pulley’. The poem is written by Welsh poet George Herbert, who was a priest by profession.
Each stanza of the poem has five lines. The rhyme scheme of the poem is a-b-a-b-a. The chief figure of speech used in the poem is Metaphor. The ‘glass of blessings’ signifies the sum of all human qualities bestowed on man. The quality of ‘rest or ‘contentment is implicitly compared to a jewel’. The other figures of speech are Pun, Inversion, Paradox, etc.
The central idea of the poem is the reason for man’s continual restlessness all his life. According to the poet, this is because God withheld the quality of ‘rest’ from man, so that man’s thoughts would ultimately turn towards God, his creator.
Figures of speech
Having a glass of blessings standing by
Figure of speech: Metaphor
Explanation: The ‘glass of blessings‘ signifies the sum of all human qualities bestowed on man
Rest in the bottom lay :
Figure of Speech: Pun
Explanation: The word has two meanings, It means remaining and it also means the gift of ‘rest’.
Let him be rich and weary.
Figure of Speech: Paradox
Explanation: Opposite ideas of being rich and weary at the same time are mentioned in the poem.
Figure of Speech: Alliteration
Explanation: The sound of r is repeated for poetic effect
So both should losers be
Figure of speech: Inversion, Alliteration
Inversion: The words have been arranged in an inverse manner to add a poetic effect. Correct Order: “So both should be losers”
Alliteration: Sound s is repeated for poetic effect
May toss him to my breast
Figure of speech: synecdoche
Explanation: The breast is only referencing the chest, but it is talking about the comfort one will receive from God.
Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that refers to a part of something is substituted to stand in for the whole or vice versa.
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Maharashtra Board 10 English Chapter 2.4 The Pulley questions answers: Question bank
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Question 1. Choose the correct alternative from the following.
(a) Herbert’s poem ‘The Pulley’ displays . . . . . . . . as the two main themes.
(i) Origin of Morality/Spirituality
(ii) Origin of species
(iii) Origin of the universe/galaxy
(iv) Origin of the earth/space
(b) The theme of the poem ‘The Pulley’ is (Find two correct statements from the given alternatives.)
(i) to focus on the mechanical operation of a pulley.
(ii) to teach a lesson to a creation (man) by the Creator (God)
(iii) to know the different gifts bestowed on man by God.
(iv) to remind man about his creator in his exhaustion.
(v) God pulled man towards Him by making him restless and weary.
(c) In the poem, ‘The Pulley’ is considered ………………….
(i) a mechanical device.
(ii) a gift to mankind
(iii) an image to lift objects.
(iv) an image by which God compels people to become devout.
(d) . . . . . . . . is an example of Pun from the poem.
(i) Rest in the bottom lay.
(ii) So strength first made a way.
(iii) Having a glass of blessings . . . . . .
(iv) So both should losers be
(e) . . . . . . . . is an example of Paradox from the poem.
(i) And rest in Nature, not the God of Nature.
(ii) He would adore my gifts instead of me.
(iii) Let him be rich and weary.
(iv) When God at first made man.
f) . . . . . . is an example of Synecdoche from the poem.
(i) So both should losers be.
(ii) Then beauty flowed.
(iii) “Let us” said he “pour on him.”
(iv) May toss him to my breast.
(g) . . . . . . is an example of Alliteration from the poem.
(i) made a way
(ii) bottom lay.
(iii) repining restlessness
(iv) keep the rest.
(i) Contract into a span.
(ii) So both should losers be.
(iii) Bestow this jewel.
(iv) And rest in nature.
(i) The rhyme scheme of the poem is . . . . . .
(i) a a b b c
(ii) a b c b c
(iii) a b c c b
(iv) a b a b a
Question 2. Discuss and answer in your own words, and write in your notebook.
(a) The poet has used the word REST thrice in the poem. Write what the word implies in each of the three lines it occurs.
(b) What does God want in return from man, for the gifts He has bestowed upon him?
(c) Why did God withhold the gift of ‘Rest’ from man?
(d) Besides those given in the poem, what other gifts has God blessed mankind with above his other creations? Enlist them.
(e) When does man generally turn to God? Give one example to support your response.
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